Nikah Nama is an official contract that is signed between two parties involved in a marriage. In other words, it is an Islamic Contract that is signed by the Bride and the Groom when they engage in the act of marriage. A Nikah Nama acts as a formal consent form for both the Bride and the Groom. It not only initiates the marriage between the two but also ascribes rights and duties to both the bride and the groom. The Nikah Nama holds immense value and is an important element of the marriage. No marriage is complete without the signing of a Nikah Nama.
A Nikah Nama can be broken down into several components. Some of them are as follows:
The Nikah Nama as any other contract has complete information about both the parties involved in the agreement. Therefore, a Nikah Nama also contains information about the bride and the groom, such as Name, Address, Age and some minimal family information. This is important as all the stored information is later kept as an official record and is used as a reference if needed, just like a marriage certificate.
Witnesses and Attorney:
Islamic traditions require witnesses and an attorney from each side to validate the agreement. It is a part of the Nikah Nama as well. Complete information about the witnesses and the attorney from each side is stored on the Nikah Nama. This apart from being a religious obligation is also a legal regulation. Nikah signing can not commemorate without this information.
Date of Marriage:
This is the simplest component of the Nikah Nama. Mentioning the day and the date may seem trivial but plays a vital role in record keeping. It ensures that a record of the event is kept, the date acts as an informal tool to record the event.
Haqq Mehar is a significant section of the Nikah Nama. It is used to officially announce the amount either in rupees or any other form such as gold and other liquid assets. It is a legal as well as religious obligation of the groom to pay the Mehar to the bride. It is not only considered as a gift but also a source of financial protection in case of divorce. A bride has the option to wave off the Mehar if she wishes to.
The Nikah Nama as a religiously binding document also grants rights to both the husband and wife. This section is devoted to the rights of a wife and a husband but more importantly mentions a mutual right, the right to separation. Both the wife and the husband can exercise their right to divorce but in different manners.
The above-mentioned were the major elements of a Nikah Nama. There are some other elements such as Nikah Khawan information which are also recorded. The main purpose of the Nikah Nama is to validate, authorize and celebrate the act of marriage.